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研究生中文姓名:李哲豪
研究生英文姓名:Lee, Che-Hao
中文論文名稱:南海海域海面溫度之年代際變化分析
英文論文名稱:Analysis of Interdecadal Variation of Sea Surface Temperature in the South China Sea
指導教授姓名:李明安
口試委員中文姓名:業界委員︰吳龍靜
助理教授︰藍國瑋
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學號:40547014
請選擇論文為:學術型
畢業年度:108
畢業學年度:107
學期:
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:關鍵字年代際變化SST升溫南海
英文關鍵字:KeywordsDecadal VariationSST warmingSouth China Sea(SCS)
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近幾年有關環境保護暨氣候變遷等議題及海水暖化影響大氣等議題已日益關注。南海為全球重要邊緣海之一,其海表水溫長期年代際變化尚未有相關研究論及,故本研究收集1967年至2016年間英國哈德利中心「全球海洋表面溫度」(HadISST1)資料,以探討南海海域海表水溫度之年代際變化。
南海海域海表溫年際變化,在1967-2016年,共計50年間,南海海域海表面溫度長期升降溫變化,經研究發現區分四階段:第一階段在1967年至1971年為降溫(0.16℃);第二階段在1972年至1998年,呈現升溫(0.82℃)狀態;第三階段在1998年起至2011年為降溫(0.3℃);第四階段自2011年起,隨即呈現急速升溫(0.63℃)狀態。海域本身受中國沿岸流,中南半島湧升流,黑潮入侵等因素,更重要影響整個南海區域升降溫要素,研究更發現,其中東金灣與越南沿岸溫度之長期觀察明顯與周邊海域環境變動不明顯,兩者長期變化趨勢分別為0.01℃/十年及0.02 ℃/十年,其原因可能與季節變化、中國沿岸流及艾克曼湧升影響有關。
In recent years, issues such as environmental protection, climate change and the effects of seawater warming on the atmosphere have been increasingly concerned. The South China Sea is one of the most important marginal seas in the world. The long-term interdecadal variation of sea surface water temperature has not been studied. Therefore, this study collected the data of “Global Ocean Surface Temperature” (HadISST1) from the Hadley Center in the United Kingdom from 1967 to 2016. To explore the interdecadal variations of sea surface water temperature in the South China Sea.
The interannual variation of sea surface temperature in the South China Sea, from 1967 to 2016, for a total of 50 years, the sea surface temperature in the South China Sea has been changing for a long time. It has been found that the four stages are divided: the first stage was cooled about 0.16 °C from 1967 to 1971; the second stage showed a warming (0.82 °C) state from 1972 to 1998; the third stage cooled about 0.3 °C from 1998 to 2011; and the fourth stage began to heat up rapidly 0.63 °C since 2011. The study also found that the long-term observation of the warming trendancy in sea surface temperature along the coast of Dongjin Bay and Vietnam is unclear to compare to that in the surrounding waters. The trend is lower about 0.01 °C / decade and 0.02 °C / decade, respectively. It may be related to seasonal changes, China's coastal currents and the impact of the Ekman surge.
摘要………………………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
Abstract…………………………………………………………………………Ⅱ
目次…………………………………………………………………………………III
表目錄………………………………………………………………………………IV
圖目錄………………………………………………………………………………V
第一章 前言…………………………………………………………………………1
1.1 研究區域概述………………………………………………………………1
1.2 衛星遙測應用………………………………………………………………2
1.3 文獻回顧……………………………………………………………………3
1.4 研究動機與目的……………………………………………………………4
第二章 資料與研究方法……………………………………………………………5
第三章 結果與討論…………………………………………………………………7
3.1 海表溫長期之年間變化……………………………………………………7
3.2 海表溫長期之各月間變化…………………………………………………8
3.3 南海海域海表溫南北向之區域分析……………………………………11
3.3.1 東金灣升溫緩慢氣溫偏低分析…………………………………………12
3.3.2越南沿岸水域水溫之長期變化…………………………………………13
第四章 結論…………………………………………………………………………14
參考文獻………………………………………………………………………………15
英文部分…………………………………………………………………………15
中文部分…………………………………………………………………………16
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賴家宏(2007)。多衛星資料探討南海海表面變化。國立臺灣海洋大學海洋環境資
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張志賢(2019)。台灣週邊海域的海表面溫度長期變化。國立臺灣海洋大學環境生
物與漁業科學學系碩士學位論文。
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中央氣象局:https://www.cwb.gov.tw/V7/climate/climate_info/climate_change/change_5.html
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全文檔開放日期:2020/04/17
 
 
 
 
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