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研究生中文姓名:顏華君
研究生英文姓名:Yan, Hua-Jun
中文論文名稱:學童安全通學路廊設計-以桃園市光明國小為例
英文論文名稱:The planning of safe routes to schools - A case study of Guang Ming elementary school in Taoyuan city
指導教授姓名:林振榮
口試委員中文姓名:教授︰張宗勝
教授︰黃山琿
教授︰游明敏
助理教授︰吳繼虹
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:運輸科學系
學號:10668018
請選擇論文為:學術型
畢業年度:108
畢業學年度:107
學期:
語文別:英文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:安全路線到學校路網設計敏感度分析
英文關鍵字:Safe routes to schoolNetwork designSensitivity analysis
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美國交通部聯邦公路管理局(FHWA)於2005年實行安全路線到學校計劃(SRTS)。該計劃主要目的是為學童創造一個安全的步行環境,但是設計SRTS計劃的方式有瑕疵,其缺乏客觀和系統化的方法。因此,本研究提出路網設計模型並考慮在最大可接受風險值下來最小化兒童的總時間成本和安全路線的總設置成本。所考慮的規劃決策包括:導護媽媽的設置地點,路段選擇以用於創建安全路線及學童上學路徑選擇。以桃園市光明小學為研究對象,並利用敏感度分析以研究重要參數如何影響路網設計和路徑選擇。再者,該國小SRTS安全地圖與使用該模型設計的SRTS路網進行利弊比較。此外,還對比單一校門與兩個校門路網之間的優劣。最後,該研究結果可作為進一步設計SRTS路網之指南。
Considerable attention has been paid to Safe Routes to School Program (SRTS), which was established in 2005 by the U.S. department of transportation Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The main aim of the program is to create a safe pedestrian environment for children walking to school more safely and faster, but it has the problem with the way of designing the SRTS plans which are proposed by the members in the school organization depend on their personal experiences. This way is the lack of an objective and systematic method. We therefore present a network design model in consideration of the maximum acceptable risk level, which attempts to – minimize the total time cost of children and the total setup cost of safe routes to determine the optimal SRTS network. The key planning decisions considered are: the crossing guard position, the selection of the road segments for creating safe routes, and the selection of path for children walking from home to school. A case study of Guang Ming elementary school in Taoyuan city is created to illustrate the proposed model. We develop the sensitivity analysis to investigate how several important parameters affect the network design and path choices in comparison with the network design of base case. We then compares the pros and cons between an actual SRTS map and the SRTS network which designed by using the proposed model. It also contrast the two entrances at the school could be the better way for designing SRTS network. The findings may serve as a guide for further research on designing the SRTS network.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I
ABSTRACT II
TABLE OF CONTENTS III
LIST OF FIGURES V
LIST OF TABLES VI
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Study background and motivation 1
1.2 Research objective 2
1.3 Research scope 2
1.4 Thesis procedure 2
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 4
2.1 Safe routes to school program (SRTS) 4
2.2 The network design model 6
2.3 Chapter conclusion 7
CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 8
3.1 Problem description 8
3.2 Model formulation 9
3.3 Parameters 11
3.3.1 Risk level on the road segment 11
3.3.2 Walking time on road segment 15
3.3.3 Setup cost per meter of the safe route 15
3.3.4 Travel demand in OD pair 15
3.3.5 The time value of children 16
3.3.6 Maximum walking time on the school path 16
3.3.7 The number of days per school year 16
CHAPTER 4 ANALYSIS RESULT 17
4.1 Case study setting 17
4.1.1 Guang Ming elementary school 17
4.1.2 Pedestrian network 19
4.1.3 Case study parameter estimation 20
4.2 Analysis procedure 23
4.2.1 Base case 24
4.2.2 Sensitivity Analysis 25
4.2.3 Analysis result 42
4.3 SRTS network comparison between actual and designed 43
4.4 SRTS network comparison between two entrances and
one entrance 50
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION 53
REFERENCES 55
Appendix A. The parameter value of road segments. 59

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