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研究生中文姓名:張恕豪
研究生英文姓名:Chang, Su-Hao
中文論文名稱:以科技-組織-環境架構探討影響台灣電子相關產業採用區塊鏈技術之因素分析
英文論文名稱:A Study of Factors Affecting Adoption of Blockchain Technology in Taiwan's Electronic-related Industry: Using Technology-Organization-Environment Framework
指導教授姓名:桑國忠
口試委員中文姓名:教授︰楊清喬
副教授︰林泰誠
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:運輸科學系
學號:10668007
請選擇論文為:學術型
畢業年度:108
畢業學年度:107
學期:
語文別:中文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:區塊鏈技術科技採用電子相關產業科技-組織-環境架構
英文關鍵字:Blockchain TechnologyTechnology AdoptionElectronic-related IndustryTechnology-Organization-Environment(TOE) Framework
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區塊鏈技術是近年來革命性的創新技術之一,具有提高生產效率和降低對中介機構依賴的潛力。然而,在台灣電子相關產業還沒有看到高採用率。本研究的目的是鑑定影響台灣電子相關產業採用區塊鏈技術的關鍵因素。因區塊鏈有著數據透明且無法被任何人竄改的特性,企業可以透過區塊鏈管理、審查不同合作夥伴之間的交易,簡化多方交易與作業的處理流程,不但增加作業效率和安全性,也節省下中央管理的成本。
本論文基於技術創新文獻和參考Tornatzky and Fleischer所提出的科技 - 組織 - 環境架構(TOE Model),將可能影響台灣電子相關產業採用區塊鏈技術之因素歸納為三個構面,分別為科技、組織與環境構面,以及其中共十一個可能之影響因素,並以實證資料分別驗證研究架構與相關假說,找出台灣電子相關產業採用區塊鏈技術的影響因素。調查以台灣上市、上櫃及興櫃的電子相關產業公司,共926間公司為母體,回收有效問卷85份。經迴歸分析後,結果顯示兼容性、高層管理人員支持與技術準備程度與外部壓力共三個因素達到統計上顯著影響台灣電子相關產業採用區塊鏈技術。我們的研究結果和意義,有助於增加對影響電子相關產業採用區塊鏈關鍵因素的理解。


關鍵字: 區塊鏈技術,科技採用,電子相關產業,科技-組織-環境架構
Blockchain technology is one of the revolutionary innovations in recent years, with the potential to increase productive efficiency and reduce dependence on intermediaries. However, it has not been seen high rate of adoption in Taiwan’s electronic-related industry. This study is to identify the factors that influences the adoption of blockchain technology in Taiwan’s electronic-related industry. The characteristics of blockchain technology include data transparent also can’t be tampered by anyone. Companies can manage and examine the transactions between different partners through blockchain technology, to simplify the process of multi-transactions and operation. It’s not only increases efficiency and security of operation but also saves the cost of centralized management by adopting blockchain.
The paper based on the technical innovation literature and referred to the Technology-Organization-Environment framework(TOE), then divided the factors influencing the adoption of blockchain technology in Taiwan’s electronic-related industry into three dimensions, including technology, organization and environment. And then it selects the top eleven possible influencing factors. Moreover, it testifies the study framework and related hypothesis with empirical materials, finding the factors influencing the adoption of blockchain in Taiwan’s electronic-related industry. The survey takes total 926 Taiwan’s electronic-related industry firms, including listed companies and OTC companies as the population, with 85 valid questionnaires received. Through the regression analysis, it finds that three factors, compatibility, top management support and technology readiness and external pressure have significant influences on the adoption of blockchain in Taiwan’s electronic-related industry. The results and implications included in our study contribute to an expanded understanding of the important factors that affect blockchain adoption in the electronic-related industry.


Keywords: Blockchain Technology, Technology Adoption, Electronic-related Industry, Technology-Organization-Environment(TOE) Framework
謝辭 I
致謝臺灣日通股份有限公司 II
摘要 III
Abstract IV
目錄 V
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究目的與範圍 3
1.3研究流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1區塊鏈(Blockchain Technology) 4
2.1.1區塊鏈技術之演進與特性 4
2.1.2區塊鏈技術在供應鏈之應用 9
2.1.3小結 12
2.2科技接受行為相關理論 12
2.2.1理性行為理論(Theory of Reasoned Action, TRA) 13
2.2.2計畫行為理論(Theory of Planned Behavior, TPB) 13
2.2.3科技接受模式(Technology Acceptance Model, TAM) 14
2.2.4整合性科技接受模式(Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology, UTAUT) 15
2.2.5創新擴散理論(Innovation Diffusion Theory, IDT) 16
2.3科技-組織-環境架構(Technology-Organization-Environment, TOE) 19
2.3.1科技構面 24
2.3.2組織構面 26
2.3.3環境構面 26
2.3.4採用構面 28
2.4小結 28
第三章 研究方法 29
3.1研究架構 29
3.2研究假說 31
3.2.1科技構面 31
3.2.2組織構面 34
3.2.3環境構面 36
3.3變數定義與衡量 37
3.3.1科技構面 38
3.3.2組織構面 40
3.3.3環境構面 41
3.3.4區塊鏈技術在電子相關企業的採用 42
3.4研究設計 42
3.4.1問卷設計 42
3.4.2資料蒐集 43
3.4.3資料分析方法 43
第四章 資料分析結果 45
4.1敘述性統計分析 45
4.2因素分析 53
4.3信度分析 59
4.4共線性檢測 61
4.5迴歸分析 62
第五章 結論與研究建議 68
5.1研究結論 68
5.2研究限制與建議 72
5.3研究貢獻 73
參考文獻 75
附錄-本研究問卷 86

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