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研究生中文姓名:吳翰恩
研究生英文姓名:Wu, Han-En
中文論文名稱:台灣產菱蟹科之分類研究
英文論文名稱:Studies on the Taxonomy of the Family Parthenopidae MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) from Taiwan
指導教授姓名:何平合
林嘉瑋
口試委員中文姓名:助理教授︰林鳳嬌
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學號:10631007
請選擇論文為:學術型
畢業年度:108
畢業學年度:108
學期:
語文別:中文
論文頁數:108
中文關鍵詞:甲殼類菱蟹科分類分子親緣關係粒線體DNACOI16S rDNA
英文關鍵字:CrustaceaParthenopidaeTaxonomyMolecular phylogenymtDNACOI16S rDNA
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  台灣產菱蟹科蟹類,在過去的調查研究報告中,僅記錄2亞科9屬16種,經本研究檢視現有標本後,增加為2亞科12屬21種,其中包含5新記錄種。五種新記錄種分別是拉氏蝕菱蟹Daldorfia rathbunae (De Man, 1902)、葉狀偽緊握蟹Pseudolambrus lobatus (Flipse, 1930)、岩石匿足蟹Furtipodia petrosa (Klunzinger, 1906)、銳刺束頸緊握蟹Rhinolambrus turriger (White, 1847)以及粗糙束頸緊握蟹Rhinolambrus rudis (Rathbun, 1916)。
本研究的分子標記結果之遺傳距離中,COI之屬間遺傳距離最小值介於13.3% (隱足蟹屬Cryptopodia H. Milne Edwards, 1834與匿足蟹屬Furtipodia Tan & Ng, 2003間)至22.7% (加氏緊握蟹屬Garthambrus Ng, 1996與蝕菱蟹屬Daldorfia Rathbun, 1906間);16S rDNA之值介於5.9% (隱足蟹屬Cryptopodia H. Milne Edwards, 1834與吻緊握蟹屬Patulambrus Tan & Ng, 2007間)至18.8% (武裝緊握蟹屬Enoplolambrus A. Milne-Edwards, 1878與蝕菱蟹屬Daldorfia Rathbun, 1906間)。
  This thesis organized and reported family Parthenopidae that contains 2 subfamilies in Taiwan. 21 species of parthenopid crabs in 12 genera from Taiwan are presented, including 5 new records. The parthenopid crabs are recorded for the first time including Daldorfia rathbunae (De Man, 1902), Pseudolambrus lobatus (Flipse, 1930), Furtipodia petrosa (Klunzinger, 1906), Rhinolambrus turriger (White, 1847) and Rhinolambrus rudis (Rathbun, 1916)。
  In this study, the minimum interspecies divergence range of COI between 13.3% (Cryptopodia H. Milne Edwards, 1834 - Furtipodia Tan & Ng, 2003) to 22.7% (Garthambrus Ng, 1996 - Daldorfia Rathbun, 1906) and 16S rDNA value is between 5.9% (Cryptopodia H. Milne Edwards, 1834 - Patulambrus Tan & Ng, 2007 ) to 18.8% (Enoplolambrus A. Milne-Edwards, 1878 - Daldorfia Rathbun, 1906).
摘要 I
Abstract III
目錄 VII
圖目錄 IX
表目錄 IX
圖版目錄 X
第一章 前言 1
1.1分類地位 1
1.2 菱蟹分類研究之文獻回顧及研究發展 1
1.2.1菱蟹科分類研究之文獻回顧 1
1.2.2菱蟹在台灣研究之歷史發展 3
1.2.3分子技術在甲殼類親緣關係研究上之應用 4
1.3 研究動機與目的 5
第二章 材料與方法 7
2.1 標本來源及標本處理 7
2.2 種類鑑定及分類描述 8
2.3 形態類聚(Clustering)分析 8
2.4分子親緣關係分析 9
第三章 形態分類及親緣關係結果 11
3.1 分類描述 11
菱蟹科 Family Parthenopidae MacLeay, 1838 11
蝕菱蟹亞科 Subfamily Daldorfiinae Ng & Rodríguez, 1986 12
蝕菱蟹屬 Genus Daldorfia Rathbun, 1906 13
拉氏蝕菱蟹 Daldorfia rathbunae (De Man, 1902) 14
粗糙蝕菱蟹 Daldorfia horrida (Linnaeus, 1758) 15
菱蟹亞科 Subfamily Parthenopinae Macleay, 1838 17
岩緊握蟹屬 Genus Lambrachaeus Alcock, 1895 19
枝叉岩緊握蟹 Lambrachaeus ramifer Alcock, 1895 20
凹唇緊握蟹屬 Genus Aulacolambrus Paul'son, 1875 22
彎刺凹唇緊握蟹 Aulacolambrus curvispinus (Miers, 1879) 22
棘凹唇緊握蟹 Aulacolambrus hoplonotus (Adams & White, 1849) 24
偽緊握蟹屬 Genus Pseudolambrus Paul'son, 1875 25
葉狀偽緊握蟹 Pseudolambrus lobatus (Flipse, 1930) 26
隱足蟹屬 Genus Cryptopodia H. Milne Edwards, 1834 27
環狀隱足蟹 Cryptopodia fornicata (Fabricius, 1781) 28
異隱蟹屬 Genus Heterocrypta Stimpson, 1871 30
橫展異隱蟹 Heterocrypta transitans Stimpson, 1858 31
匿足蟹屬 Genus Furtipodia S. H. Tan & Ng, 2003 32
岩石逆足蟹 Furtipodia petrosa (Klunzinger, 1906) 32
菱蟹屬 Genus Parthenope Weber, 1795 34
長手菱蟹 Parthenope longimanus (Linnaeus, 1758) 34
加氏緊握蟹屬 Genus Garthambrus Ng, 1996 37
愛氏加氏緊握蟹 Garthambrus allisoni (Garth, 1993) 38
翼長節加氏緊握蟹 Garthambrus pteromerus (Ortmann, 1893) 39
星形加氏緊握蟹 Garthambrus stellatus (Rathbun, 1906) 40
吻緊握蟹屬 Genus Patulambrus Tan & Ng, 2007 41
錢幣吻緊握蟹 Patulambrus nummiferus (Rathbun, 1906) 42
束頸緊握蟹屬 Genus Rhinolambrus A. Milne-Edwards, 1878 44
銳刺束頸緊握蟹 Rhinolambrus turriger (White, 1847) 45
遠海束頸緊握蟹 Rhinolambrus pelagicus (Rüppell, 1830) 46
粗糙束頸緊握蟹 Rhinolambrus rudis (Rathbun, 1916) 47
逆束頸緊握蟹 Rhinolambrus contrarius (Herbst, 1804) 48
板額束頸緊握蟹Rhinolambrus lamellifrons (Adams & White, 1848) 49
武裝緊握蟹屬 Genus Enoplolambrus A. Milne - Edwards, 1878 50
刺猬武裝緊握蟹 Enoplolambrus echinatus (Herbst, 1790) 51
強壯武裝緊握蟹 Enoplolambrus validus De Haan, 1839 53
3.2形態類聚分析結果 56
3.3 分子親緣關係結果 56
第四章 討論 59
4.1 形態分類之探討 59
4.2 形態類聚之探討 60
4.3 分子親緣關係之探討 61
4.4 形態類聚與分子親緣關係適用度之探討 62
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